To cite something means to do right by whoever said it and give them credit — for instance, if you add a brilliant statement to a paper but you’re not the one who originally wrote it, you should cite, or point to, the original author.
Using cite with the meaning “to reference” or “to note” is just one of several similar uses. A military or other official report can cite someone for an outstanding act of service, and a legal representative can cite individuals, or summon them, to show up in court. To cite a source when writing or verbally repeating something first spoken by someone else is to give a “citation” or “notation” that gives credit where credit is due.
cit′ed , cit′ing
- to summon to appear before a court of law
- to quote (a passage, book, speech, writer, etc.)
- to refer to or mention as by way of example, proof, or precedent
- to mention in a citation (sense )
- Archaic to stir to action; arouse
An example of to cite is for a policeman to give someone a speeding ticket.
If your definition was retrieved online, you will cite it like any web site:
A definition retrieved from a print source would be cited like a standard book chapter citation:
SOB can stand for many things, but Jablonski (2009) provides the following medical interpretations .
Reference Pattern for reference ebooks:
- To see other examples, consult the APA Help guide.
- Click on References and In-text Citation Examples.
Speculate. (2014). In M. Agnes (Ed.)., Webster’s new world college dictionary (5th ed., p. 1377). New York, NY: Macmillan.
4. To mention formally in commendation or praise .
1. To commend officially for meritorious action in military service .
Publication date: 1 August 1999
The focus of this paper is the economic theory of the plans for the European Monetary Union. Part 1 demonstrates that economists, bankers and policy makers know very little about monetary policy. Part 2 explains the errors of the common practice of defining money by its functions. Because any monetary policy must rest on a definition of money it seems reasonable to conclude that a flawed definition might lead to problems with monetary policy. Part 3 applies this insight to the plans for a common currency in Europe. Because of uncertainties about the timing and details of the implementation, some important considerations are necessarily speculative. They are relegated to appendices. Appendix 1 comments on the timing and authorship and responsibility for the official reports with their unspecified authors. Appendix 2 supplies some grounds for doubting the ultimate durability of the European Monetary Union focusing on reasons that are historical, economic and pragmatic. Because the entire movement is driven by politics, not economics, Appendix 3 considers some of the relevant political issues. The conclusions summarize and speculate on possible reasons for successful outcomes.
Publication date: 1 July 2000
Most logistics professionals and academics agree that logistics is an essential function within business. Furthermore, there has been a trend over the last few years to consider logistics as a process that creates value. While the terms value and value‐added have experienced popular usage, they are neither clearly defined nor accurately measured. A primary goal of this article is to clarify these definitions, in the context of how value is created by logistics. Based on empirical research, definitions of value and value‐added are suggested that are founded upon and related to the perspectives of practicing managers. Following a brief literature review, details are provided about the objectives and methodology of the research that was conducted. Last, managerial implications and the key messages for both logistics managers and researchers are presented.
Sometimes an author writes about research that someone else has done, but you are unable to track down the original research document. In this case, only include the source you did consult in your references because you did not read the original document. Use the words ‘cited in’ in the in-text citation to indicate you have not read the original research.
Example 2 Journal article
Citation of Authorities is the practice of reading, or production of or reference to, legal authorities and precedents in a proceeding before a court. Citations can be made from constitutions, statutes, reported cases, and treatises. Citation of authorities will also be included in legal text-books, law review articles, briefs, or the like to establish or strengthen the propositions advanced.
Citation of authorities assists courts in decision making. It is highly recommendable to cite the laws and cases, or other authorities in support of a proposition when there is a contradictory point is before the court. Citation of authorities is useful to readers while conducting researches.