how to in text reference a website
Cite in text the first few words of the reference list entry (usually the title) and the year. Use double quotation marks around the title or abbreviated title.: (“All 33 Chile Miners,” 2010).
When there is no author for a web page, the title moves to the first position of the reference entry:
Because there are no formatting rules controlling how information is presented on a website, you may have to hunt through the website to find this information. Also, please note that a copyright date is not a substitute for the publication date. If a publication date is not provided, please use the (n.d.) or no date convention for this part of the reference.
Before creating an APA reference for a website, view the website and find the following information:
An example would be:
(“World War II,” n.d.)
Always cite both authors’ names in-text everytime you reference them. Example : Johnson and Smith (2009) found.
This guide will help you create in-text citations that correlate with the corresponding Reference list citations. Please see the References guide for more details on the Reference list.
- Examples are not double-spaced, but your References list should be double-spaced
- Examples do not show indented lines after the first line, but yours should be indented
- Omit any information not found (author, organizational sponsor, date published or updated, etc.).
APA Website Citation
Web sites do not include subscription databases
It is always important to validate a website before using it in your academic work. For more information visit http://guides.library.lincoln.ac.uk/learningdevelopment
- If a website does not have an obvious author, you can often find more information in the ‘About us’ section.
- When possible, include the year, month, and date in references. If the month and date are not available or if the website is not updated regularly, use the year of publication only.
- If you refer to an entire professional website, you do not need to include an entry in the reference list. You must identify the title of the source clearly in the text of your paper (capitalised but without special punctuation) and provide the electronic address in brackets.
- However, when you cite a particular document or piece of information from a website include both a reference list entry and an in-text citation.
- When citing sources that you find on the Internet you only need to include a retrieval date if the information you viewed is likely to change over time. If you reference an article from a wiki, for example, you would want to include a retrieval date because information in a wiki can be subject to a lot of change.
Citing a source that you found in another source is known as using a secondary source.
Your in-text citation should include both authors: the author(s) of the original source and the author(s) of the secondary source. For example: (Habermehl, 1985, as cited in Kersten, 1987).
Artist Last Name, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year). Title of the artwork [Format]. Location. URL
Note: You still need to cite the image even if you are missing much of the information. Please try to find images that do provide this information.
Author’s Last Name, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year, Month Day). Article title. Newspaper Title, page range.
Mitchell, T. (2009, June 5). Men’s health. USA Today, pp. B1, B3.
A similar study was done of students learning to format research papers (“Using APA,” 2001).