how to reference websites in text
When there is no author for a web page, the title moves to the first position of the reference entry:
This page reflects guidance from the sixth edition of the Publication Manual.
It is always important to validate a website before using it in your academic work. For more information visit http://guides.library.lincoln.ac.uk/learningdevelopment
- If a website does not have an obvious author, you can often find more information in the ‘About us’ section.
- When possible, include the year, month, and date in references. If the month and date are not available or if the website is not updated regularly, use the year of publication only.
- If you refer to an entire professional website, you do not need to include an entry in the reference list. You must identify the title of the source clearly in the text of your paper (capitalised but without special punctuation) and provide the electronic address in brackets.
- However, when you cite a particular document or piece of information from a website include both a reference list entry and an in-text citation.
- When citing sources that you find on the Internet you only need to include a retrieval date if the information you viewed is likely to change over time. If you reference an article from a wiki, for example, you would want to include a retrieval date because information in a wiki can be subject to a lot of change.
- Examples are not double-spaced, but your References list should be double-spaced
- Examples do not show indented lines after the first line, but yours should be indented
- Omit any information not found (author, organizational sponsor, date published or updated, etc.).
APA Website Citation
Web sites do not include subscription databases
According to APA Style, if a webpage is part of a greater website do not italicize the title.
If the source stands alone (e.g. a report) it is italicized.
To put an in-text citation for Wikipedia in APA, you would use the following format: (“Title of article,” n.d.)
(“World War II,” n.d.)
Go to the original location (website) of the image and cite in one of the formats above.
Note: You still need to cite the image even if you are missing much of the information. Please try to find images that do provide this information.
To cite the link above, it would look like this:
According to the APA Style Blog, the general format for citing online content from multiple types of sites is this: