Particular referencing styles are preferred by particular academic disciplines because they work better with the kind of texts that are most commonly used in that discipline. At Reading, for instance, English Literature and Film, Theatre and Television both prefer the MHRA (Modern Humanities Research Association) style because it is good at dealing with repeated references to a literary text, but while English Literature use the classic version of MHRA, Film, Theatre and Television prefer the Author-Date version. The School of Law prefers OSCOLA because it has rules for citing legal texts.
Remember that if you are studying modules in different departments or schools, they may each prefer a different referencing style.
For more in-depth guidance, see our Plagiarism and Referencing tutorials on Moodle.
The drop-down boxes below can help you find out which style your department is likely to use. Links to departmental guidance are also provided where available (last updated September 2017).
We acknowledge and pay respects to the Elders and Traditional Owners of the land on which our four Australian campuses stand. Information for Indigenous Australians
These are the most commonly used styles at Monash University.
Use these links, if you just need a quick guide to a specific style.
The way that you cite references will depend on the referencing style you are using. There are many different referencing styles and you must ensure that you are following the appropriate style when submitting your work.
Commonly used referencing styles at The University of Manchester include Harvard, MLA and Vancouver and you can find detailed information on how to reference specific material using these styles in this guide.
Schools and departments at Sussex use different referencing systems. If you are unsure which referencing style you are required to use it is best to speak with your School office, or consult your module handbook.
There are several different referencing styles used in academic study. Although most styles require you to include the same information, depending on the style you have have to present that information in different ways.
A guide on the sixth edition of the APA style is freely available on the web. It gives you an overview on the APA style.
APA (American Psychological Assocation) and Harvard are both author-date referencing styles. Instructions on how to create in-text citations and lists of references (a bibliography) are available from:
To access the Library Moodle Pages on Referencing click here.
Always check referencing advice given by your department in student handbooks or with lecturers if in doubt, as some conventions may vary.
- give the reader enough information to identify and find the cited publication, so he is able to check the accuracy of the presented arguments more easily.
- separate your own thoughts from the ideas of others and give credit to whom it belongs, so that you are not guilty of plagiarism.
Citation styles vary by disciplines and by publications:
Click on the pages to the left to learn about the different styles of citation.
This guide contains information on commonly used citation styles. Different academic disciplines follow different formats for presenting citations, so check with your instructor to make sure you are using the appropriate citation style.
Common styles used within the University are given below. Each style has an official “style manual” although many other helpful resources also exist.
Referencing styles are sets of instructions explaining how you should reference the sources you use.