reference an article
- Author (surname followed by initials).
- Year of publication (in round brackets).
- Title of article (in single quotation marks).
- Title of journal (in italics).
- Issue information – volume (unbracketed) and, where applicable, part number, month or season (all in round brackets).
- Page reference.
- doi (if available).
In an effort to simplify journal referencing, as long as the journal reference provides enough bibliographic information for the article to be located, other elements no longer need to be included, for example [Online], database title and URL.
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If you are referencing the name of a journal, the journal name would be in italics.
It is always important to validate a website before using it in your academic work. For more information visit http://guides.library.lincoln.ac.uk/learningdevelopment
- If a website does not have an obvious author, you can often find more information in the ‘About us’ section.
- When possible, include the year, month, and date in references. If the month and date are not available or if the website is not updated regularly, use the year of publication only.
- If you refer to an entire professional website, you do not need to include an entry in the reference list. You must identify the title of the source clearly in the text of your paper (capitalised but without special punctuation) and provide the electronic address in brackets.
- However, when you cite a particular document or piece of information from a website include both a reference list entry and an in-text citation.
- When citing sources that you find on the Internet you only need to include a retrieval date if the information you viewed is likely to change over time. If you reference an article from a wiki, for example, you would want to include a retrieval date because information in a wiki can be subject to a lot of change.
Your in-text citation should include both authors: the author(s) of the original source and the author(s) of the secondary source. For example: (Habermehl, 1985, as cited in Kersten, 1987).
In your reference list you should provide the details of the secondary source (the source you read). In this example: the details of Kersten 1987.
To write the name of a journal or magazine in an APA paper:
In-Text Citation (Paraphrase):
Mitchell, T. (2009, June 5). Men’s health. USA Today, pp. B1, B3.