how to cite a reference within a reference
Citing a source that you found in another source is known as using a secondary source.
You should always try to read and cite the original work (the primary source). If it is not possible to do this, you have to cite the original as contained in the secondary source.
Use secondary sources sparingly, for instance, when the original work is out of print, unavailable through usual sources, or not available in English. Give the secondary source in the reference list; in text, name the original work and give a citation for the secondary source.
For example, if Allport’s work is cited in Nicholson and you did not read Allport’s work, list the Nicholson reference in the reference list. In the text, use the following citation:
Reference citation for a quote or paraphrase cited in your source t hat you also want to cite.
David Miller’s simple definition of social justice (cited in Lister 2007) …
Sometimes an author writes about research that someone else has done, but you are unable to track down the original research document. In this case, only include the source you did consult in your references because you did not read the original document. Use the words ‘cited in’ in the in-text citation to indicate you have not read the original research.
In every subject field, there are preferences when it comes to how sources should be cited. Historians use footnotes, social scientists use parentheses in the text, and so on. There are a lot of variations in both parentheses and footnotes. Researchers need to adjust their reference style to the journal or publisher in question. However, as a student, it is important that you learn the basic principles of citing.
The full reference list comes at the end of the text. The reference list is also made according to a template. Follow a standard reference style, so that you can look up in a collection of examples when in doubt.
Only the secondary reference goes in the reference list:
(Alibali, 1999, 2005)
TV Series Episode: See our APA Guide Example
Creating an APA reference for media requires different information than an article or book reference. Formats and examples for a movie, and TV show episode are linked below:
The guide first covers general points of how and why you should reference.
The second section covers how to create the citations that go in the body of your work to show where all the information you use has come from.
Note: the APA Publication Manual, 7th Edition was released in October 2019, but UMGC will use the APA 6th Edition until further notice.
The APA Style Guide to Electronic References (2012) focuses solely on the citing of electronic resources and includes a wide variety of citation examples.
This depends on how you are citing them. If you are citing them in-text more than once, and you are referring to the same source each time, then you can simply reuse that same in-text reference with a single entry on your references page at the end.
If you are citing the same author, but from different sources, you may have to follow different rules. Let’s say you are citing an author named Jane Doe three times. If each of her articles or books are published in different years, then you don’t need to do anything different than you normally would. Let’s say she published articles in 2009, 2011, and 2012. Then each entry would just be (Doe, 2009), (Doe, 2011), and (Doe, 2012).