what is the meaning of ibid in referencing
“Ibid..” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/ibid.. Accessed 31 Jul. 2020.
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Note: In the 17th Edition, the use of “Ibid” is now discouraged in favor of using shortened citations
1. Newton N. Minow and Craig L. LaMay, Inside the Presidential Debates: Their Improbable Past and Promising Future (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2008), 24-25.
If you are using MMU Harvard referencing then you are not required to use these terms in your work. Instead, each time you cite a source you enter the a citation in the format required for the specific source you are using.
These are Latin phrases used in some referencing systems. Ibid is an abbreviation of ibidem, meaning ‘in the same place’ and op. cit is an abbreviation of opere citato, meaning ‘in the work cited’.
1 Robert Stevens, Torts and Rights (OUP 2007).
Essentially, the information in n26 (or footnote #26) means the writer doesn’t have to repeat all the bibliographic information about Stevens’ book again, but rather refers the reader to n1 (footnote #1) for all the bibliographic information, but “pinpoints” page 110 indicating to the reader that information was taken from that page. Footnotes 2-25 incl will refer to different cases, journals etc. n27 tells us that pages 271-278 are being referred to of Stevens book.
In the same source (used to save space in textual references to a quoted work which has been mentioned in a previous reference)
Translate ibid. into Spanish
ibid., ib., ibidem (adverb)
Abbreviation of ibidem, in the same place. Indicates a reference to the same source as the previous one.
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The full AGLC3 rule subsequent references can be found at 1.4 on p. 7.
After citing a work in full the first time, you may use Ibid or Above n for subsequent references to the citation. For further information, see AGLC3 rule 1.4 at p 7.
When I write IBID, I mean this:
Ibid. means “the same reference as the one above.
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