Links to popular styles used by some departments at the University
Store references which can then be searched and used in conjunction with Word to input citations as you write up or to create independent bibliographies
This guide will show you how to cite and reference using the University of Bradford’s Harvard style. You should use this guide as there are many variants on Harvard, this guide is the official style in use at Bradford.
The second section covers how to create the citations that go in the body of your work to show where all the information you use has come from.
When writing a report or an essay you are expected to fully reference the materials you have used. The report or essay should be your own work, in your own words.
Please also refer to the sections regarding examination and assessment offences and plagiarism.
Referencing is a standardised method of acknowledging sources of information and ideas that you have used in your assignments, in a way that uniquely identifies their source. Direct quotations, facts and figures, as well as ideas and theories, from both published and unpublished works, must be referenced.
Referencing styles at Curtin
Our referencing guide (on the Library Guides website) shows you how to cite and reference using examples.
Some departments use a different system. Remember to check your course handbook so that you are familiar with exactly what referencing system your school or department requires.
To get started with academic referencing, visit learn about referencing
You can type references manually or use one of the citation management programs provided by the library.
Referencing is a standard convention within the academic and professional communities, which is designed to inform the reader of the sources of information used in a piece of written work.
The 3 most widely used referencing styles at Flinders University are:
In the majority of our databases it is possible to create a reference in the most common styles (Harvard, Oxford etc.). This is an easy way if you want to reference a book or article. Check for links such as export or cite.
Search for the book you want to reference and click on the title. Under the information on the book you will find the button “Create reference”.
The words and ideas that you read as you prepare to write an essay or other written assignment are the intellectual property of the person/s who wrote them, and these must be referenced. Failure to do so is plagiarism, which is penalised by examiners. You must also reference all images, tables, and graphs taken from printed or internet sources.
Centre for Academic Writing (CAW) has developed a series of academic writing resources, including The Coventry University Guide to Referencing in Harvard Style (PDF), which can be also accessed via LibGuide. This is a simple system which is used internationally by scholars and researchers. The lecturing team at the CAW have customised the various versions of this referencing style into one user-friendly guide for use by students and staff at Coventry. The guide also contains a glossary of key terms used in referencing.
This section describes the correct methods for crediting external sources (such as books, articles, and websites) in assignments. Referencing external sources properly shows your marker that you can effectively locate and integrate facts and ideas into your assignment. Failure to reference your sources is plagiarism and can carry significant academic penalties.
For a broader understanding of honesty in assignment writing, see Academic Integrity.